Most of Zambia is part of the high, undulating plateau that forms the backbone of Africa, and boasts the Zambezi, Kafue and Luangwa rivers – as well as one of the largest waterfalls in the world, the Victoria Falls, which it shares with neighboring Zimbabwe.
The meandering pace of the Zambezi River suddenly gives way to a drop-off so spectacular that it takes your breath away. The Victoria Falls are 1700m from side to side and 92m high; 545 million liters of water per minute pour into the gorge during the April-May peak season and the spray rises 500m into the air. Added to the majesty of the Falls is the intimate beauty of the rain forest that is nourished by the spray – mosi-oa-tunya – the smoke that thunders. Wild flowers and ferns grow along the rim of the gorge.
The Luangwa Valley is a beautiful, mostly untouched wildlife sanctuary in the heart of Southern Africa. It is an extension to the Great East African rift valley, the main arm of which runs to the east of Zambia, containing Lake Malawi. The Luangwa River rises from the dramatic Mafinga Mountains in the northeastern corner of Zambia, which reach up to 7,500 ft above sea level. The flat-bottomed valley runs from northeast to southwest and is clearly defined to the west by the beautiful Muchinga escarpment.